History of Molivos village on Lesvos island - Lesbos, Greece
Molivos is located on the North Coast of Lesvos and is a town of stunning beauty and historical importance.
Molyvos means "lead" in Greek and the name was given to Mithymna by the Turks. However, or whoever gave the town it's name it has become today one of the most visited and popular tourists attractions on the island.
Molivos (or Mithymna) at the northern tip of Lesvos is arguably the most beautiful village of the island with its picturesque harbor dominated by the castle and tiers of red-tiled stone houses climbing up the slopes away from the blue sea. At night, the flood lit castle turns the harbor into one of the most romantic places on earth, perfect for a special dinner-for-two.
Molivos, the capital of the Province, and the contiguous villages of Skala Sykamnia, Sykamnia, Lepetymnos, Argenos, Vafios and rural area of Eftalou comprise the present Municipality of Mithymna. According to mythology, Mithymna was one of the five daughters of the mythical King Makara. During the middleages Mithymna takes on the name Molivos or Molyvos. The writing of Molivos with an iota (i) could be considered the proper way to spell the name, if we were to accept the assumption that the stem of the word is the West European periphrastic denomination Mont d' olives (mountain of olives).
The traditional architecture of the town reflects the modus vivendi and social life styles of the past. In 1965 the competent authorities put a preservation order on the entire settlement of Molivos (Mithymna), thus declaring it a protected town. Mithymna owns an archaeological collection with impressive findings from the surrounding area, and a library with a collection of over ten thousand volumes and manuscripts.
In the past, music was the beloved activity of the Mithymnian people. Arion was a brilliant poet who set music to verses like no other. Zeus, Dionysos and Hercules were especially worshipped. Virgile mentions that the grapes of Mithymna were unequalled in their nectars and aromas.
Since 1960, tourist development has played a critical role in the life and evolution of Molivos. Every year a significant number of cultural events and conferences, both national and international, are held in Molivos. Art exhibitions, lectures, theatrical performances and folklore events are held in the town.
Apart from the tourist industry, the local inhabitants also work in the fishing, olive cultivation, cattle-breeding and farming sector.